Teeth can darken due to many reasons. Some of the common causes that can lead to tooth discoloration are- poor dental hygiene, drinks, sauces, tobacco use, injuries, advancing age, certain medications, etc. The spots on teeth can vary in color from yellowish to black brown. Some people may notice irregular patches while others have brown lines. In this post, we will be shedding light on what causes teeth discoloration, how it can be treated and when visit a reliable Dental Office in Richmond Hill. Keep reading the post for all the details.
Categories of Tooth Discoloration
Your teeth can become discolored due to the changes in the tooth material or by stains on the surface. The dentists have divided discoloration into three main categories, which are mentioned below:
Extrinsic Discoloration- This type of discoloration occurs when the outer layer of the tooth (which is usually called enamel) is stained by wine, cola, coffee or other foods or drinks. In some cases, smoking can also cause extrinsic discoloration.
Intrinsic Discoloration- Intrinsic discoloration occurs when the inner structure of the tooth (which is usually called the dentin) gets a yellow tint or darkens. The major causes of intrinsic discoloration are- excessive exposure to fluoride during early childhood, the use of tetracycline antibiotics during pregnancy, etc.
Age-related discoloration- Age-related discoloration is caused due to the combination of both extrinsic and intrinsic factors. As you age, the enamel that covers the teeth gets thinner. On the other hand, chips or other injuries to a tooth can also cause discoloration as you age, when the pulp has been damaged.
What Causes Tooth Discoloration?
Poor dental hygiene- Your teeth may begin to discolor if you do not pay attention to your dental hygiene. Inadequate brushing and flossing fail to remove plaque and stain-producing substances that can cause tooth discoloration.
Diseases- Several diseases can affect enamel and dentin, ultimately leading to tooth discoloration. Not just diseases, certain treatments can also affect tooth color. For example- infections in pregnant mothers can cause tooth discoloration in the infant and head and neck radiation and chemotherapy can also cause teeth discoloration.
Medications- Certain medications such as doxycycline and tetracycline are also known to discolor teeth when given to children under 8 years of age. Rinsing mouth with mouthwashes containing chlorhexidine and cetylpyridinium chloride can also stain teeth. Drugs used for high blood pressure such as antipsychotic and antihistamines are also the cause of teeth discoloration.
Nicotine and tobacco products- Tobacco and nicotine particles can stick to microscopic pores in the tooth enamel. With repeated use, these particles can stain the teeth. It is seen that stains resulting from chewing, smoking or dipping tend to become darker and are harder to remove later on.
Genetics- Genetics play a vital role in deciding the tooth color of individuals. Genetics decide the strength of tooth enamel, hereditary conditions such as dentinogenesis imperfect, how the enamel responds to acids and pigments and so on.
Those were some of the common factors that can make your teeth to discolor. However, there is nothing to worry about, because there are a number of treatments available that can reverse tooth discoloration and give you a confident smile back again. If you are concerned about discolored teeth, visit a reliable dental office in Richmond Hill and book an appointment for the examination and evaluation of the treatment.
Treatments Available for Teeth Discoloration
In-office teeth whitening- Teeth whitening, also known as bleaching is the process of applying an external solution onto the teeth to make the outer enamel of the teeth whiter and brighter. You would be able to notice a significant improvement in the whiteness and brightness of your smile. Many people have a misconception if teeth whitening is safe. The active ingredient used in teeth whitening solution is hydrogen peroxide or carbamide peroxide. These solutions are proven to be effective and compatible with people who have chemical sensitivities.
Dental Bonding- Dental bonding is a process in which tooth-colored material is applied to a tooth and is then hardened with a special light. The material ultimately bonds the material to the tooth and result in improving a person’s smile. It is the easiest and least expensive cosmetic dental procedures available to repair a decayed, chipped or discolored tooth. Dental bonding can also be used to fill in the spaces between teeth or to change the shape or color of teeth.
Veneers- Porcelain veneers are one of the best methods available to create a beautiful smile. Porcelain veneers can immediately straighten, whiten or repair your teeth. Composite Veneers are designed to cover a myriad of imperfections and enable you to look and feel good. The biggest benefit of veneers is, you can take care of them like your usual teeth. Your normal routine of brushing, flossing and mouth washing is all it takes to be in good health.
Dental crowns- A dental crown is a tooth-shaped cap that is placed over a tooth to hide imperfections. It restores the shape, size, strength, and appearance of the teeth. Crowns are made up of different materials to offer your lost smile back. The specific type of materials will be chosen based on biocompatibility, esthetics, and strength.
Those were some common treatments that can whiten and brighten discolored teeth. It is extremely important to visit a Dental Office in Richmond Hill to assess the condition or your teeth. Your dentist will thoroughly analyze your mouth to know the underlying problems and suggest solutions that can meet your needs.
If tooth discoloration is something which is bothering you, get in touch with the leading dentists in Richmond Hill. You are sure to get solutions that can meet your needs.